Of course there should be equal pay for equal work. Of course any qualified person should be seriously considered for any position. Also, there are obviously still discriminations. The idea itself of a woman leading an international firm makes men reluctant. And yet, more and more women dare to have a “men” job !
Who are these women who do men’s job?
There are women and proud to be, they even claim it! They work men’s job and succeed. They have a strong character and, in their position, this is essential!
They are cooks, engineer racing, bus driver or geologist. Traditional male jobs, but they have proven themselves. Today they are respected by their colleagues, and admired by their relatives. But there are still a minority.
The jobs have a sex?
The question could be an essay topic. If we stick to the figures from INSEE (National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies), there is no debate possible. The answer is yes. According to the organization, more than half of working women in France are concentrated in six occupational categories, among the thirty existing. These correspond to occupations in social services to individuals, health care (example: nurses) and education. Areas identified as least porters, less profitable and which one provides the least amount of training … In the top 5 most feminized occupations, INSEE quote: maternal assistant (99% of women in the profession), Secretary (97%), caregiver (91%), nurse, midwife (87%) and administrative staff in business (76%). Among the less feminized occupations, we find drivers (5%), skilled worker handling (7%), supervisor or foreman (9%), skilled manual craft workers (10%) and technicians (13 %). In addition, there is still less than 20% of entrepreneurs female.
Why such a gap?
Firstly because we can not rewrite history … The masculine image of an area is often due to the fact that it has long been reserved for men (this is the case for the building, the military, oil, etc..). “Today there are more men in technical and scientific professions as men recruit more men. Some were” afraid “of losing their place,”. Education and the traditional image returned so far by the family also play a lot. “The pink and dolls for girls. Blue and cars for boys. If parents gave trucks for girls to play, it would change things already …,” The pressure does not always come from professional colleagues … “I’ve seen where a woman went from a hairdresser to that of mason, a mother, whose neighbor and the other mothers at school wondered if she was gay or looking for a husband. “Prejudices are sometimes sharp tongue.
We must recognize that men and women are different
Not in their abilities but in their deepest aspirations. “For example, women are more human, communicating, sensitive, rigorous. Men are more gung-ho, more technical, obsessed with goals. Of course, these are big trends. Each individual is different,”. Some also refer to physiological reasons as a barrier to the mix. “This is not … When you know that a caregiver can raise only one patient in the hospital,” retorted Anne-Sophie Berche, project manager at the mix of business MIFE (House Information on training and employment). For her, as for others, all trades are mixed. Men and women can have the same skills.
Despite popular belief, some do not hesitate to engage in business called “male”. Who are these pioneers? In reality, there is no typical profile. They are neither feminists nor tomboys. “These are girls bold, open, able to withstand spikes sometimes unconscious, stubborn”. Women who show a strong character, to whom one asks twice to prove themselves, women who often get along better with men. “These are women who have psychologies of men, with nothing pejorative about that. They are Cartesian, direct, oriented towards less machinery and the relational,” Pascal Priou analysis, work psychologist.
Just like the professional, more and more women (and men) go against prejudice. As proof, some jobs (administrative, sales executive, legal professional, part of banking and insurance or medical), become more feminine, according to INSEE. New sectors such as information technology, benefit from a less gendered image. Cause and consequence of this movement, working conditions (schedules, ergonomic equipment, services for employees in companies …) are also changing. Result: everyone benefits and differences between the sexes decreases. “There among the younger generations homogenization of intellectual and psychological. Presumably in the future policy choices should be closer,” says Pascal Priou. On this point, the school has a great role to play, and very early. “But the trap is to believe that the battle is over,” says Anne-Sophie Berche.
Still progress to make
Much progress must be provided particularly on the issue of wages. Even today, men earn 25% more than women. As we have said, they choose jobs less empowering, less profitable and are more likely to work part time. They are often hampered when motherhood. Furthermore, “they less dare to discuss, to negotiate.” The remaining 10-15% of cases of unexplained differences completely by INSEE … In pure discrimination? Large groups, such as PSA, nevertheless produced efforts to achieve a better balance. Under these conditions, why still hesitate? “Be ambitious. Do not listen to those around you always. Listen to the testimonies of women who have embarked, Marie-Sophie Pawlak encouraged. It must not giving up a profession of ignorance, just a matter of envy “.
Sexually yours! — posted by Eva